This is a page of resources for the province of Ontario, Canada.
Ontario (Canada West) joined Confederation on July 1, 1867, one of the original 4 provinces.
Prior to that, the Act of Union created the Province of Canada in 1841, which consisted of Canada West (Ontario) and Canada East (Quebec).
After the 1941 Act of Union creating the Province of Canada, a decision was made to enumerate the population to determine parliamentary representation. This may help explain the emphasis on specifically enumerating the numbers of immigrants from England, Ireland, Scotland, France, and the USA.
The second census of the Province of Canada.
Library and Archives Canada has a single searchable database for Canada East (Quebec), Canada West (Ontario), New Brunswick, and Nova Scotia.
The third census of the Province of Canada.
Like the 1851 Census above, Library and Archives Canada has a single searchable database for Canada East (Quebec), Canada West (Ontario), New Brunswick, and Nova Scotia. The census of Canada West was begun on January 14, 1861.
The Canada Gazette also published notices of divorce, which got me really excited for a while, but I was only able to find Notices of Divorce where at least one party was from Quebec or Ontario. Unfortunately, work on digitizing the Gazette has stopped, and this site is archived, so it’s unlikely there will be more coming in future.
Hospitals, Mental and long term care, 1921
I’ve found the locations of two hospital records in the 1921 Canada census for the Toronto area. Here are the links from Ancestry (which should be available to you even without a subscription):
- The Hospital for the Insane, Toronto City, Ward 5. There are 16 pages of census results here, so roughly 800 patients;
- The awful sounding Hospital for Incurables, Toronto City South, Ward 44. There are about 250 patients listed here.
Staffed by volunteers and once a great site, but seems to now have some issues resulting in many broken links (Aug 2018). Hoping it’ll recover, so I’ll leave this link up for now.
The OGS is one of the largest – if not the largest – genealogical society in the country. Haven’t tried its resources yet (Aug 2018) but will report back with a fuller review when I do.
It’s like going to garage sales, genealogy-style. Enter a family name and see what comes up! I tried a couple of my Ontario old family names and got 1000 hits, the first 20 of which were newspaper announcements. I can see a few Sunday afternoons being spent on this site.
Until I find a collection as rich in free ditigal newspapers for western Canada, I’m going to live in a state of total envy for Ontario family lines. This link will take you to over 200 newspapers, all searchable at once. I did a quick search for my husband’s family lines and was immedidately overwhelmed with results. Definitely coming back on a lazy Sunday when I’ve got more time..!
Prisons – Mercer Reformatory for Females
I was looking at the 1921 Canada census for the asylum records (see above) and found the Mercer Reformatory for Females. Here’s the link from Ancestry, which should be free to access. There are ~130 inmates listed, mostly from Ontario and the UK.
The Andrew Mercer Reformatory for Women has a dark history. Built in 1872 with grand ideals of being a home for its female inmates, it was sometimes a place where women were sent for the crime of getting pregnant outside of marriage. It was closed in 1969 under allegations of beatings, torture, experimental science and eugenics. A true horror story.
The government of Ontario will fill death certificate requests for genealogy searches. There is a fee.
I love it when bloggers get creative with genealogical resources and organize information that’s helpful for everyone. Jane MacNamara has done exactly that with her table of links to the Toronto City Directories, organized by year. You’ll have to do another search once you’re within the archives of Ontario, but I can see the huge benefit of having a single table.
Bonus: if you read the comments below the table, you’ll glean a wealth of details about the directories as well.