Chinese Genealogy

19 historic directories for Shanghai, Hong Kong, Tokyo, Saigon, Manila, Bangkok, & other Asian destinations: 1850-1922

This week’s find is a cache of late 19th century / early 20th century directories for the “China trade”: people doing business in Canada, the USA, England, France, and Germany with all the countries of Asia. (BTW: a “hong” is a company.)

19 English-language directories for Asia, for the 19th cent.

YearTitleNotes
1850HongKong Almanack and Directory, General Directory for Canton, Shanghai, Amoy, Ningpo, Fuh-Chau-Fu, Macao and Manila
112 pages; European residents only of Hong Kong; PDF pgs. 45-58; Canton/Whampoa 59-67; Amoy/Fuh-chau-fu and Ningpo 68-69; Macao 70-76; Manila 77-79.
1856, 1857Shanghae Almanac
Two almanacs in one scan, 1856 first: 541 pages; “Shanghai”; pg. 60 List of Foreign residents, Aug 1855; PDF pg. 64 for Ningpo; a number of essays on expat life.

1857 begins on page 290. Foreign residents in Shanghai pg 348; Ningpo 353.
1874The China Directory
See notes below.
1879Chronicle and Directory for China, Japan, and the Phillippines
See notes below.
1882The Hong List for Shanghai and the Northern and River Ports
See notes below.
1884Desk Hong List for Shanghai
74 pages; “hong” is a company
1889Chronicle and Directory for China, Corea, Japan, The Phillipines, Cochin-China, Annam, Tonquin, Siam, Borneo, Straits Settlements, Malay States, & c.1266 pages
1892Chronicle and Directory for China, Corea, Japan, The Phillipines, Cochin-China, Annam, Tonquin, Siam, Borneo, Straits Settlements, Malay States, & c.1189 pages
1894Chronicle and Directory for China, Corea, Japan, The Phillipines, Indo-China, Straits Settlements, Siam, Borneo, Malay States, & c.1197 pages
1899Chronicle and Directory for China, Japan, Corea, Indo-China, Siam, Settlements, Malay States, Siam, Netherlands India, Borneo, The Phillippines, & c.1382 pages
1905Chronicle and Directory for China, Japan, Corea, Indo-China, Siam, Settlements, Malay States, Siam, Netherlands India, Borneo, The Phillippines, & c.
1810 pages
1905Educational Directory for China, an account of the various schools and colleges connected with Protestant Missions
226 pages
1908Directory & Chronicle for China, Japan, Corea, Indo-China, Siam, Settlements, Malay States, Siam, Netherlands India, Borneo, The Phillippines, & c.1918 pages; left hand side damaged
1917Chronicle and Directory for China, Japan, Corea, Indo-China, Siam, Settlements, Malay States, Siam, Netherlands India, Borneo, The Phillippines, & c.1855 pages
1919North China Hong List
369 pages “hong” = company
1920Directory of Protestant Missions in China412 pages
1920Directory & Chronicle for China, Japan, Corea, Indo-China, Siam, Settlements, Malay States, Siam, Netherlands India, Borneo, The Phillippines, & c.1725 pages
1922Peking Who’s who, by A. Ramsay146 pages
1922China Who’s Who, a biographical dictionary by Carroll Lunt 323 pages
1985China Report, Science and Techology
189 pages; names and institutions in China in the science and technology education field
2004Doing business in Beijingbook, 422 pages
19 historic and 2 modern directories for Asian destinations

Notes about the directories

Spellings below are taken from the original guides. All guides are in English. Some include information on treaties and tariffs.

TitleNotes
Shanghae AlmanacPDF pg. 58: Rates of labor in San Francisco, Mar 1855; example: Blacksmiths $5-6 per diem.
The China DirectoryYear: 1874

Published by the China Mail, Hong Kong and sold for $2. Here is a breakdown of this directory:

402 pages; list of streets in Hong Kong including names in Chinese, pgs. 21-28; foreign residents in China, Japan and the Phillipines pg 29-129; gov’t and hongs for Hong Kong pgs. 131-175; HK compradores pg 177; Native hong list pg 179-193; Macao pg. 195-201; Whampoa pg. 203; Canton 205-210; Swatow 211-212; Amoy 213-216; Formosa 217-219; Foochow 221-226; Ningpo 227-229; Shanghai street names pg. 231; Shanghai hongs pg. 232-262; Japan pg. 287; Phillipines pg. 327; Saigon pg. 335; Bangkok pg. 343; Straits pg. 347; Borneo pg. 355.

Schedule of Mail steamers, English and French, PDF pg 7.
Chronicle and Directory for China, Japan, and the PhillippinesYear: 1879.

There are 9 editions in this list. Published at the Daily Press, Wyndham Street, Hong Kong.

Here is a breakdown of this directory format (China, then Japan and the other countries):

966 pages; maps of Shanting, Fokien, Formosa pg 52-53; foreign residents pg. 55-198; Hong Kong pg. 200-239; names of military in China pg. 240-248; Principal Chinese hongs incl. Chinese and addresses, pg. 249-260; map of Hong Kong pg 262; Macao pg. 277; Pakhoi Port pg 285; Hoihow Port pg. 286; Whampoa pg. 289; Canton pg. 289-294; Swatow pg. 295; Amoy pg. 298; Takao Port and Taiwan-fu pg. 304; Tamsui pg. 306; Keelung pg. 207; Foochow pg. 308; Wenchow pg. 315; Ningpo pg. 316; Shanghai pg. 320; Chinkiang Port pg. 363; Wuhu Port pg. 364; Kiukiang pg. 366; Hankow pg. 368; Ichang Port pg. 372; Chefoo pg. 373; Taku pg. 377; Tientsin pg. 378; Peking pg. 381; Newchang Port pg. 384; Japan pg. 387; Phillipines pg. 423; Saigon pg. 446; Cambodia pg. 454; Bangkok pg. 459; Singapore pg. 466; laws & regulation for all territories.

Chinese Passsenger’s Act, 1855; An Act for the Regulation of Chinese Passenger Ships, pg. 817.
The Hong List for Shanghai and the Northern and River PortsYear: 1882

Published by the North China Herald, Shanghai. Here is a breakdown of the format of this type of directory:

68 pages; lists hongs and residents of Shanghai, then hongs only for Chefoo, Chinkiang, Foochow, Hankow, Ichang, Kiukiang, Newchang, Ningpo, Peking, Tientsin, Wenchow, Wuhu. Who’s who list of names pgs. 35-49; Ladies list of names pgs. 50-54; Shanghai; lists of names of military stationed in China; major events in China.
Breakdown of 3 types of directories, showing the general format of each.

How to find more like these

All of these directories are on the Internet Archive. I had some trouble getting a usable number of hits: it was either not enough or far too many. Try this search: “subject: “Directories” AND “China””.

Photo by Denny Ryanto on Unsplash

Thank yous

Thanks to Elda and Marisa, both members of my Facebook group Genealogy for Asian Canadians, for intriguing questions about 19th century China.

Coming this Saturday!

Saskatchewan Genealogical Society

SGS and the Moose Jaw Branch are hosting two virtual presentations by Linda Yip on September 19, 2020. Pre-registration is required. There is no registration fee for members.

10:30 – 11:30 a.m. CST – Beyond BMDs and the Censuses Part 1 – Searching for your family in SK directories.
Register for Part 1 here.

1:00 – 2:00 p.m. CST – Beyond BMDs and the Censuses Part 2 – Searching for your family in SK newspapers. Register for Part 2 here.

One thought on “19 historic directories for Shanghai, Hong Kong, Tokyo, Saigon, Manila, Bangkok, & other Asian destinations: 1850-1922

Comments

This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Learn how your comment data is processed.